This was a really useful thread on the old site, and it helped me a lot, especially when I was at the earlier stages of the course, so I thought I’d start one here as well. Particularly useful for those of us who listen to Radio Cymru quite a lot.
For those new to the course the basic idea is simple - when you hear a word you don’t understand, simply write it in here - however you think it might be spelt - and hopefully someone will be able to tell you what you were hearing.
The second is ‘taw dŵr’ - ‘taw dŵr oedd yn achosi colera yn hytrach na beth oedd yn cael ei gredu ar y pryd, taw miasma neu awyr drwg…’ - that it was water that caused cholera rather than what was believed at the time, that it was miasma or bad air…
Southern Vocab lesson 1:
Around 18:30, Iestyn is introducing chwerch and gives a couple of sample sentences: Dw i’n moyn chwerch, mae isie chwerch _____ and I can’t make out that word. It doesn’t hinder my progress in the lesson of course, but I’m wondering what the rest of the sentence is.
I believe that the sentence literally translates something like “I have a need on me for six” - which would usually be translated as “I need sx.” The arna i bit is the “on me” part. It is a southern construction (and I do northern) so I could be a little bit off.
There is something I have been hearing a lot on BBC Radio Cymru that has me quite puzzled. I don;t know whether it is just a word or words that I haven’t encountered yet, or someone’s name, or just what. It sounds phonetically like “eck dai”. Anyone have a notion that might help me out with it? Diolch. Nid wyf ond fesen.
Sionned is right - arna i is basically a personal form of the preposition “ar”. Welsh does this a lot, and you may have already come across it with the “amdana fi / amdanat ti” construction. What is happening here is the preposition “am” is being personalised. In the case or arna i, it is “ar” being personalised, or “on” in English. The construction (I believe) is a very old Celtic way of phrasing - so you’re saying “mae eisiau bwyd arna i”, or literally, “there is a need of food on me”, or “I’m hungry”, essentially. Again, corrections from more advanced Welsh speakers welcome! Don’t be worried if this sounds complex - if you learn it all by ear, you will notice a simplicity in the way it works, and you’ll remember it easily.
That one is above my paygrade, Carole - I don’t want to tell you the wrong thing, sorry. My feeling is that you could say mae angen rhywbeth arna i and dw i angen rhywbeth and they would both have the same meaning, but not sure about mae eisiau i fi rhywbeth, hence my hesitation.
Carole - the difference is that mae isie i fi (rhywbeth) is used where the rhywbeth is a verb - i.e. only when you’re saying that you need to do something (rather than that you need a thing). If that makes any sense.
So you could say mae isie i fi siarad (I need to speak), but not for example mae isie i fi brechdan - if you wanted to say “I need a sandwich” you’d say mae isie brechdan arna i.