When to use rhaif I fi and Mae Gyda fi

Hi, I’ve just finished challenge 6 on level 1 and I’ve just noticed that when they are saying I’ve got to. Sometimes they say that it’s mae rhaid I fi in welsh and sometimes they that it’s mae gyda fi. In welsh, i don’t know the difference about when to use them. Can someone explain to me?

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Two versions of the word “got”.

Mae gyda fi… I have, I own, I’ve got, I possess.
Mae gyda fi gŵr. I have a husband.
Sometimes, and I use it this way,
Mae gŵr gyda fi. I have a husband.

Mae rhaid i fi… I must do something, I’ve got to do something.
Mae rhaid i fi fynd. I’ve got to go.


Ohhhhhhhhhhh, so mae gyda fi is essentially used when you refer to something you possess. And mae rhaid I fi is used when you’ve got to do something?


Yup, that’s it :slight_smile:


“Mae gyda fi…” = “There is with me…”

“Mae gyda fi gi” = “There is with me a dog” = “I have a dog”

This took me a while of messing the two different ways up until the penny dropped!

That really helped me too.

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One thing that helped me was to fully understand the different meanings (in English) of the words “have”. Then to grasp the Welsh construction for each meaning. For instance, must and own.

The same is true of “there” - just that spelling of it.

So really, the Welsh is more straight forward.