An article on Parallel has the sentence " Yn haf 2017, ces i e-bost oddi wrth Lynda o wasg Rily". ‘oddi’ = ‘from’ as does ‘oddi wrth’. I’m wondering what the difference/nuance would be if just ‘oddi’ were used or indeed if that would be acceptable.
oddi wrth is the correct way of saying ‘from’ when referring to someting you’ve received from a person. ‘oddi’ is often followed by various other things which subtely change the meaning (this is a quick list copied from www.geiriadur.net :
|oddi||61. from prep. out of prep.|
|oddi allan||62. outside adj. exogenous adj. outside adv.|
|oddi ar||63. off meddal of meddal|
|oddi mewn||64. out from|
|oddi tanodd||65. below adv.|
|oddi wrth||66. from (a person) meddal|
Thanks @siaronjames. Simple enough eh. Also at the beginning of the same sentence I noticed that there isn’t a definite article before ‘Haf’. Could you possibly say when and where it’s correct to omit it?
I’d say its fine without the definitive article, its just the difference between “In Summer” and “In the Summer”
You will hear “oddi wrth” a lot when someone in English would say “off…” I,E “I got a message off Jeff”.
Also on Sgorio, you’ll hear a lot of “oddi wrth y bel” or just “oddi’r bel” as in “off the ball”
Thanks for the reply @Nicky. You and Sharon have cleared that up nicely. Within context of the sentence it seems wrong to omit the article in the English translation but ‘feels’ ok in the Welsh original.
and on the subject of pel droed - another common one is “oddi cartref” - away from home
It’s because it’s ‘Haf 2017’ - you’d never hear ‘yn haf, ces i’.
You hear this a lot on the ‘serious’ (evening) music shows on the radio - oddi ar yr albwm newydd (off the new album) for example.
You’ll also hear bant o gatre in the south. That’s what a Swansea-supporting friend of mine would say, anyway.
I just noticed in Gareth King’s ‘Modern Welsh’ that ‘oddi wrth’ and the other ‘oddi’ variations are written as compound words e.g. ‘oddiwrth’. Also that ‘wrth’ is commonly pronounced ‘wth’. So presumably ‘oddiwrth’ would commonly be pronounced missing the ‘r’?
It would vary between dialects, but yes, that wouldn’t be unusual. And as someone who’s not very good at a Welsh r, I can say that’s the way I pronounce it anyway!
Yes, Ive definitely heard bant for away (game)