2 queries Level 1 Lesson 24

gest ti-you had
Thought it only mutated in questions?

Why does penwythnos mutate in this phrase: wela i chdi Benwythnos nesa


Affirmative statements can be made in two ways ‘normally’. You can either use no mutation:

  • ces i / bydda i / talodd o ( I had, I will, he paid etc)

Or you can add an ‘affirmative particle’, either mi or fe in front of it, and this particle forces the soft mutation:

  • mi ges i / mi fydda i / mi talodd o

In informal speech the ‘mi’ is often left off, but the mutation is kept in, so you hear ‘ges i’ etc.

(As I understand it, there used to be particles in front of questions and negatives as well, but they’re not widely used anymore, which is why you get ‘fydd o?’ and fydd o ddim’…)

As for ‘benwythnos nesa’, I think it’s because it’s an adverb of time, which usually takes the mutation, in the same way that when you say ‘on Saturday’, it’s ‘ddydd Sadwrn’, not ‘dydd Sadwrn’. But in spoken Welsh, the mutation is often not used, apparently.

As you go through the levels, you’ll find there’s quite a lot of this going on: mutations happening even when a word is left out, or aren’t used when strictly speaking they should be. I think the tutors use all the most common forms almost interchangeably, so you get used to hearing them ‘in the wild’…


Spot on @David_B, but a typo above - the first example should say ddydd Sadwrn :slight_smile:

There’s always a typo… especially when you think you’ve checked it several times!

I’ve corrected it now – thanks!

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Don’t worry. From my own experience working as a proofreader I know that you see other people’s typos way more easily than you spot your own :joy: