Okay, so I’m working on this “bod” as a conjunction business. Cwrs 2 Gwers 17 was positively a brain-melting experience. I remember doing this one a few months ago before life got me sidetracked, but it wasn’t any easier coming back to it. Got a bit discouraged but I pushed on to Gwers 18 and feel like I’m starting to get the hang of it, even though I don’t feel all that confident yet. Dim anobeithio’n llwyr yma!
I’ve got two questions at the moment:
Question #1: When we say “that” in the negative, we can specify a tense for the second part of the sentence using “nag yw”, “nag oedd”, or “nag oes”. But when it is a positive statement, we just have “bod” and so we can’t really specify present or past. For example:
Dw i’n credu ei fod e’n moyn aros gyda ni.
This could mean “I believe that he wants to stay with us” or “I believe that he wanted to stay with us”. Do you just distinguish the meaning by context, or am I missing something?
Question #2: One thing that’s got me a bit confused is that in English the “that” is sometimes optional, and I’m not sure what the situation is yn Gymraeg. Can “that” be optional in Welsh as well? For example, about 20 minutes into Gwers 18, we have:
That’s not something I want to think about. - So hynny’n rhywbeth dw i’n moyn meddwl amdano.
I think that this sentence could also be phrased:
That’s not something that I want to think about.
In which case we would say (guessing by using the pattern, because at this point I haven’t been taught “that I” yet):
So hynny’n rhywbeth fy mod i’n moyn meddwl amdano.
I’d love some enlightenment on whether both are correct and it doesn’t matter which I choose, or if there is some reason why it has to be the first way.
Diolch ymlaen llaw!